Category Archives: Gap theory (OEC)

The institution of marriage

Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh” Gen 2:24 KJV

The inspired author adds this explanatory comment to Genesis 2 which teaches marriage as a Divine institution.  Christ directly refers back to this passage in Mark 10:6-8 when addressing the question of marriage and divorce.  The Pharisees were trying to entrap Christ on the subject and the Lord points to the Garden as the intention and plan of God.  This points to the historicity of Adam and Eve. Continue reading


Genesis 1 and the creation of the great lights

And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also” Gen1:16 KJV

This verse also demonstrates extreme care should be taken when arguing for a literal interpretation of Genesis 1.  The language is at best phenomenal (ie incorrect due to the limitations of a human observer) not literal – the moon is not a great light except for its reflective capacity.

One difficulty for literalists in Genesis 1 is that light appeared and day/night was established prior to the creation of the sun on day 4.  Attempts are made to explain this away by interpreting the word made (H6213 Asah) to mean ‘appoint’ (eg A Perry in the Testimony[1]).  However, this is not in line with the meaning of the word: Continue reading

Genesis 1 and the sun/moon as dividing seasons

Let there be lights in the firmament of Heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years…”  Gen1:14 KJV

This verse also demonstrates extreme care should be taken when arguing for a literal interpretation of Genesis 1.  A YEC brother would have no concern as they usually believe the whole planet is but 6,000 odd years old.  However, for an OEC brother, the verse indicates the sun and moon didn’t have their existing function of regulating times and seasons before 6,000 years ago.  This is hard to reconcile with what the OEC brother sees as evidence of past life and creations where the sun and the moon clearly operated to provide the same function they do in the world we know. Continue reading

Conclusion on the gap theory (OEC)

Based on the above, the gap theory is not supported in the Hebrew of Gen1:1-2, has no basis in the words used of God creating and conflicts with other passages in Scripture.  The passages used to justify the position are not strong.  While an OEC believer would describe their understanding as literal, the YEC (and EC) brother has very strong grounds for rejecting that assessment. Continue reading

Passages raised to support OEC don’t work

In Gen1:2 we are told the earth/world “was without form and void”.  This situation was then addressed through the miracles which follow.

These words are found together in Isa34:11 which is speaking of the effect of judgment on the nations.  Similarly in Jer4:23 the effect of God’s judgments on Jerusalem are described in these terms.  Does the use of the words in the context of judgment support the idea that the formless and void in Gen1:2 was as a result of judgment (in contrast to the Hebrew construction, the context and other direct Scriptures)?  No.  You could expound that God would undo the miracle and blessings of creation and take them backwards to that first condition but to use these later judgment passages to expound Gen 1:2 is not sound exposition. Continue reading

Did the earth “become” without form and void? Gen 1v2

In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.  And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep.”  Gen 1:1-2 KJV

The gap theory translates the word “was” in verse 2 as “had become”.  In doing so the suggestion is the earth was not created without form and void in v1 but became so due to judgment on a previous creation or some other unknown reason.  Is this consistent with the Hebrew?  The word translated “was” has a wide variety of meanings and determining the correct tense is beyond my limited skills.  Hence, as we all do, I have to go to the work of others.

The LXX translators, closer in time to the original Hebrew than us, followed a similar pattern saying “But the earth was unsightly and unfurnished”. Continue reading