J Thomas in ‘Catechesis’, 1866 published Logos 1997

  1. What was “the first man Adam,” and where did he come from?

Ans. He was dust “formed into a living soul,” and came “out of the ground” (Gen. 2:7; 3:19).

  1. What does Paul term “a living soul”?

Ans. “A natural body”—σωμα ψυχικον, soma psuchikon (1Cor. 15:44–45).

  1. What does Paul term a body, or nature, that comes out of the earth?

Ans. His words, in 1 Cor. 15:47, are εκ γης χοικος, ek ges choikos, “out of the earth, earthy.”

  1. What does experience teach are the characteristics of a body, or nature, created out of the dust of the earth?

Ans. That the earthy body is corruptible, without honor, or “vile,” weak, and natural.

  1. Was the earthy body of the first man before he sinned like what experience teaches us our bodies are?

Ans. Paul, speaking of Adam at the epoch of his creation, says, “As the earthy, such are they also that are earthy,” or earth-born (1Cor. 15:48): hence his earth-born body was capable of corruption, weak, and natural, soulish or sensual; yet, as an earthy body, “very good” (Gen. 1:31).

  1. Does the fact of a body, or bodies, many or few, being created out of dust some 6,000 years after the creation of the first man from dust, destroy the principle contained in Paul’s words, “out of the earth, earthy”?

Ans. Certainly not; time works no change in the principles of the Deity. Hence the new creation of dust, when they “come forth” from the earth to judgment, are “earthy”; and being earthy, their earthiness is corruptible, honorless, weak, and soulish or sensual


  1. What relation did the first man sustain to mortality and immortality?

Ans. That of a candidate for the one or the other. If obedient to the law, he would obtain the right to eat of the tree of life and live for ever (Gen. 3:22; Rev. 22:14); if disobedient, he would incur the penalty of the law, which consigned him to the dust from which he was taken (Gen. 2:17; 3:19).

  1. Having come under the penalty of the law, when did it begin to take effect?

Ans. After he had given account of himself at the judgment which sat upon his case, and sentence of death was pronounced upon him.

  1. What is Death?

Ans. The cessation of the life of an earthy body.

  1. What is Corruption?

Ans. The returning of a lifeless earthy body to its primeval dust.

  1. If the first man by obedience had obtained a “right” to immortality, when would he have realised “the gift”?

Ans. After giving account of himself at the tribunal of the Lifegiver, and receiving permission to eat of the tree of Lives.

  1. What effect would the eating from the tree of life have produced upon his earthy body?

Ans. The effect produced by quickening, as already stated in answer to Question 35

1 thought on “J Thomas in ‘Catechesis’, 1866 published Logos 1997

  1. Pingback: Lampstand Magazine “Death the Last Enemy” Vol 23 (2017) response | Christadelphians Origins Discussion

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